September 30, 2022

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Allergy – Causes Symptoms and Treatment

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Immune response by the body to the foreign substance which is not harmful to the body is allergy. The foreign particles or invaders are allergens. These include some food products, pollen, dust, pet dander etc. To fight against these allergens, our body makes substances called antibodies.

Some of the allergic reactions do not last for a long time, whereas some reactions require immediate medical care; they might be seasonal, and some remain prominent throughout the year. These all depend upon the symptoms which the body develops against allergens. 

If you are suffering from an allergy, you must visit the Surprise Allergist, which provides advanced testing, care, and treatment.

Causes:

The person can get allergic to things which he might inhale, ingest or touch. The immune system is prepared with antibodies during the second invasion; our body shows some allergic reactions. 

A few common allergens include:

  1. Airborne: pollen, animal hair, mites, and molds.
  2. Insect bites: bees or wasps.
  3. Medications: antibiotics.
  4. Some foods: peanuts, wheat, soy and milk.
  5. The substances we touch: can cause various skin reactions.

Symptoms:

Symptoms of allergy depend upon the allergies. It can block the nasal passage, sinuses, airways or can attack your gastrointestinal tract. It can be mild or severe, and sometimes it gets out of control.

  1. Food allergy causes Mouth tingling. Swelling of Lips, tongue and face is common.  
  1. insect bite allergy causes Edema at the sting site, itching, cough, chest congestion and shortness of breath. 
  1. Drug allergy causes hives, itching, rashes and swelling.
  1. Eczema or skin reaction causes itching or rashes. 
  1. Rhinitis causes a Watery nose, swollen and red eyes, Sneezing and Itching of the mouth. 

Anaphylaxis:

It is the point where typical allergy can become life-threatening and lead to serious medical emergencies and shock. 

Some of these include:

  1. Consciousness loss
  2. Rashes
  3. Weak pulse rate
  4. Vomiting 
  5. Shortness of breath 
  6. Blood pressure drop

If the medications do not relieve the patients, they might visit a doctor because further delay can lead to severe complications. 

Treatment:

These allergies have no cure. Only some medications and therapies are provided to relieve the pain. The doctors must recommend medications that help patients manage their allergies by taking them regularly and in specific amounts. Moreover, they are provided with nasal sprays, inhalers, oral antihistamines and other drugs.

Immunotherapy is a procedure that is recommended when medications fail, or the doctor advises to try to avoid the known allergen to avoid any future allergic reaction.

If the patient faces any of the symptoms mentioned above, they must visit their doctor, get a routine check-up, and take specific medications and recommended therapies. 

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