May 30, 2023

Best fitness Tracker

a Healthy Lifestyle for a Better Future


2 min read
  • COVID-19 has exacerbated the challenge of a global shortage of health care workers, while putting them on the frontlines of the pandemic, with their own health at risk.
  • On World Health Day 2022, WHO is highlighting urgent actions necessary to keep people and the planet healthy and foster a stronger focus on wellbeing.
  • Six health care executives share their insights on what the biggest challenges in health care systems are right now and what solutions there can be to them.

Health care providers have been at the centre of the global battle against the COVID-19 pandemic. Especially frontline workers have put their own health and wellbeing at risk to care for patients and safe lives. While hospitals were initially struggling with insufficient protective equipment and a lack of information, the focus has increasingly turned towards staff shortages and mental health challenges.

Even before the pandemic, the global shortage in health care workers was troubling. The World Health Organisation (WHO) predicted the shortage to more than double from 7 million in 2016 to 18 million by 2030. The pandemic has only exacerbated the challenge.

In addition, key studies have revealed significant mental health challenges amongst health care workers. On World Health Day 2022, the WHO is putting global attention towards urgent actions needed to keep humans and the planet healthy. These shall foster a movement to create societies focused on wellbeing.

Image: McKinsey & Company

We have asked 6 health care executives to reflect on their biggest challenges and what solutions they are envisioning.

“The people in health care are the reason we can be optimistic about the future”

Dr Rod Hochman, President and Chief Executive Officer, Providence.

“There are numerous forces driving health care and all sectors of society to respond and transform like never before, and the impacts are exacerbated by the pandemic. These pressures should be considered as we respond to profound health care workforce shortages and develop robust support systems for our caregivers.

Entering the third year of a world-changing health disaster, health systems have been rapidly adapting to both meet the needs of patients and care for their caregivers. We are using telemonitoring to allow patients heal at home and keep our caregivers safe, and are developing other telehealth models. Collaborations are creating and integrating AI and digital solutions to support providers, along with vital research to find potential new treatment paths for COVID-19.

Following the stress and burnout frontline health care workers have experienced during the past two years, many of us have declared 2022 the year of the caregiver. Healing and rebuilding our workforce are paramount and we’re investing to make that happen. New workforce-centered mental health programs create safe spaces, and we offer free counseling for caregivers and their families plus a range of other supportive services. Human resource strategies include inspiring and developing our people through recognition, referral and recruitment bonuses, fair and equitable pay, predictive hiring and scheduling, and tuition reimbursement. We are recruiting in new ways

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New research looks into the role of genes and their variants in workout outcomes. RunPhoto/Getty Images
  • Researchers from Cambridge University published a meta-analysis in PLOS ONE identifying 13 candidate genes associated with fitness outcomes in previously untrained people.
  • Genetic influences accounted for 72% of the difference in the results of those in the strength training group.
  • Genetic factors had less effect on the outcomes in the aerobic (44%) and anaerobic power groups (10%).
  • Further research is necessary to determine the exact roles of fitness genes and how best to tailor exercise training according to genetic makeup.

Physical activity is essential for maintaining health, reducing chronic diseases, and preventing premature death. The 2018 physical activity guidelines for Americans recommend a combination of moderate intensity and vigorous intensity aerobic exercise alongside muscle-strengthening activities involving the major muscle groups.

The advice is for adults to do 150–300 minutes of moderate intensity aerobic activity, 75–150 minutes of vigorous intensity aerobic activity, or an equivalent mix. They can spread this activity throughout the week and should also engage in strength training on at least 2 days of the week to reap additional health benefits.

The three components necessary to determine health-related fitness are cardiovascular fitness, muscle strength, and anaerobic power. Cardiovascular or cardiorespiratory fitness measures how efficiently the respiratory and circulatory systems supply oxygen to the skeletal muscle for energy production during physical activity.

The maximum oxygen uptake (VO2 max) test is one way to determine cardiorespiratory fitness. The VO2 max test measures the body’s maximum oxygen consumption capacity during a vigorous intensity activity, such as running on a treadmill.

A higher VO2 max indicates an improved ability to supply and utilize oxygen and maintain aerobic activities at an increased intensity for extended periods. Low cardiorespiratory fitness is a predictor of cardiovascular disease and death from all causes in adults.

Muscular strength is the body’s capability to exert a sufficient force against external resistance to perform tasks and maintain mobility.

An anaerobic activity is one that involves the breakdown of glucose for energy without using oxygen. Anaerobic power measures the body’s ability to move with the greatest intensity in a short period.

Increasing cardiorespiratory fitness, muscular strength, and anaerobic power may improve a person’s overall fitness level, but responsiveness to exercise training varies considerably among individuals.

In a session at the 22nd Annual Congress of the European College of Sports Science, Dr. Bernd Wolfarth, professor in the Department of Sports Medicine at Humboldt University, Berlin, explains, “Environment is a major factor [for trainability], and nowadays, we know that about 25–40% of the variability of phenotype results from genes, and the other 60–75% is coming [from] environmental effects.”

Specific genes called candidate genes may predict successful responses to targeted types of exercise training. These genes may influence energy pathways, metabolism, storage, and cell growth in the body.

These findings led researchers from the Cambridge Centre for Sport and Exercise Sciences at Anglia Ruskin University, UK, to conduct a meta-analysis to identify the

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