Uterine fibroids refer to non-cancerous tissues that grow inside or outside your uterine wall. Obesity, early onset of menstrual, infertility, family history of fibroids, and late age for menopause increase the chances of developing fibroids. Some women do not experience symptoms, but they include; heavy periods, painful intercourse, frequent urination, and bloating. Most uterine fibroids in McDonough are treated with conservative measures and minimally invasive procedures, enabling you to enjoy time with family members, work with discomfort and enjoy activities you love.
Types of leiomyomas
They are determined by size and location where they grow, and they include;
- Submucosal fibroids. It grows in the fetal space.
- Intramural fibroids. They are embedded inside the uterine wall.
- Subserosa fibroids. They grow outside the uterus wall.
- Pedunculated fibroids. They are mushroom-like and grow outside the uterus with a thin stem.
Causes of uterine fibroids
Age, vitamin D deficiency, alcoholism, birth control use, overeat red meat, and not eat enough vegetables and fruits can raise your chances of developing fibroids. However, the following are the leading causes of uterine fibroids;
- Hormones such as estrogen and progesterone
- Growth factors such as insulin growth factor
Small fibroids are asymptomatic, while larger fibroids can cause you to experience the following signs;
- Painful and excessive periods
- Frequent urination
- Painful intercourse
- Low back pain and infertility
- Abdominal enlargement and constipation
- Chronic vaginal discharge
- Pelvic pain and pressure
Your gynecologist conducts a pelvic exam and the following tests to confirm the size and location of fibroids in the uterine wall.
- Ultrasonography test
- MRI tests
- CT scan
- Hysteroscopy and sonohysteroscopy tests
- Laparoscopy and hysterosalpingography tests
The treatment options will depend on the size and location of fibroids, symptoms, and future fertility goals.
They target hormones that affect the menstrual cycle to treat symptoms and pelvic pressure. They include;
- Non-steroid anti-inflammatory drugs help to relieve myoma pain.
- Birth control such as IUDs, injections, and pills help to alleviate excessive bleeding, menstrual cramps, and spotting.
- GnRH agonists help to shrink fibroids.
- Elagolix is an oral therapy that helps to manage heavy perimenopausal bleeding.
- Tranexamic acid helps ease the heavy menstrual flow.
- Minimally invasive surgery
- If you have severe to chronic symptoms, you may need surgery to relieve pain. These include;
- Myomectomy. It involves taking out the fibroids and leaving healthy tissue to improve your fertility.
- Endometrial ablation. It involves heating and freezing the fibroids to destroy and remove them to stop heavy periods.
- Uterine fibroid embolization. It involves blocking the flow of blood to the fibroid to shrink it.
- Hysterectomy. It involves the removal of the entire uterus to cure fibroids completely.
- Laparoscopic or robotic myomectomy. It involves the 3D removal of fibroids from the uterus to alleviate symptoms of uterine fibroids.
- Radiofrequency ablation. It involves destroying the fibroids and shrinking the blood vessels that feed them.
Talk to your gynecologist today
Many women experience asymptomatic and symptomatic uterine fibroids in their life. Fibroids can deprive you of good family time and prevent you from enjoying activities you love. By booking an appointment with the team of experts at Ideal Gynecology, LLC in Georgia, you will get rid of those discomforts, enjoy sex and get rid of periods once and for all.